What is the question pattern of GMAT test?

Certification: Admission Tests GMAT - Graduate Management Admission Test

Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is a gateway for admissions into the top business schools across the world. For the past 60 years, GMAT has been the most recognised standardised test for admissions in programs relating to business and management.The test is accepted for admissions in more than 6,000 management programs and has been the platform for professional growth for most renowned business leaders today across the globe. The three and a half hour test is designed to assess the skills and knowledge of the candidates in four sections of utmost importance for being a management student and pursue a career in the business and management field.

Question Pattern of GMAT

The four sections of the GMAT test include Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative section and Verbal section. The pattern of question in each section is created to thoroughly assess their abilityfor joining a management program.

Analytical Writing Assessment

This section consists of one question which is an argument topic and requires the candidates to analyse and write the cognitive for the argument. This write up section efficiently aid in assessing the critical thinking ability and skills in communicating his ideas. The section has a time limit of 30 minutes and is evaluated by faculty members of universities and college on the basis of the quality of the candidate’s thinking and writing ability. While attempting this section, the main point that a candidate must be careful about is not to write their own opinion about the topic but to write an analysis of the given topic.

Integrated Reasoning

The Integrated Reasoning section, with 30 minutes being the allotted time for completion, comprises of 12 questions of four types including graphics interpretation, table analysis, multi-source reasoning and two-two part analysis. These four types of questions in this section are essentially developed to measure the candidate’s aptitude to assess and understand the information depicted from multiple sources and in various formats. This section of the GMAT examines the competence of the candidate integration of data given in various formats including text, numbers and graphics, assessment ofpertinent information from various sources, and organisation and relating the different information and using it to find solutions for complex problems.

Few points that a candidate must keep in mind while attempting this section is that partial credit is not given for any question is which all parts are not answered, answering all parts of a question is mandatory before moving to the next question as there is provision to back to a question or change any answer, answer options of one question is relevant only for solving that question and is of no help in answering any other question,  all the answer options for a question is shown on the same screen, answer of one question for a set of data may not have any relevance in answering another question relating to the same data set.

Quantitative Section

The Quantitative section consists of primarily two types including data sufficiency and problem solving. The candidates have 75 minutes to complete 37 questions of this section. The section helps in assessment of the reasoning skills of a candidate in effective data analysis and deriving results through data sufficiency questions and ability to understand and sole mathematical questions relating to the secondary school level mathematics.

The data sufficiency questions are aimed at examining the aptitude of a candidate to evaluate a problem, identify information that would be relevant and determine sufficiency of data to solve the problem. Consisting of a question and two statements labelled as 1 and 2, the data sufficiency problems demand the candidate to answer whether both statements together are required and either of them alone are not sufficient to solve the problem; only one of the statements is sufficient to solve the problem both the statements alone are sufficient to solve the problem or both the statements are not sufficient to solve the problem and extra information or data is required. The candidate will be required to use these statements along with his/her mathematical knowledge and skills and common facts to solve the problem. The problem solving questions are directed towards evaluating the proficiency in interpretation of graphically represented data, assessing the given information and using basic mathematical knowledge in solving numerical problems.


This section of the test comprises 41 questions to be completed by the candidate in the allotted time of 75 minutes. Comprising of three types of questions including sentence correction, reading comprehension, and critical reasoning, the verbal section examines the ability of the candidate to comprehend a reading passage, analyse the arguments and make corrections for conforming the English writing standards.

The reading comprehension questions demand the candidate to answer a set of questing based on a reading passage. The candidates must select the best answer based on their analysis of the available information and ability to draw inferences from the passage. It also enables the testing of their proficiency in understanding a written content and analyse the information provided in the passage to answer the questions. The critical reasoning questions are aimed at evaluating how well candidates can use their reasoning skills to construct and assess arguments, and develop an action plan.

The sentence correction questions consist of a sentence and five options. A part or the entire sentence is underlined and the candidate is expected to select the best phrase that for the underlined part of the sentence from the given options. One of the options is the exact phrase from the question which means that the sentence might not require any corrections and the original language used in the sentence is grammatically correct. The sentence correction questions are aimed to assess the proficiency of the test takers in English language including ability to communicate a thought with clarity and precisely without any grammatical mistakes in presentation.


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